Prelude Or Events Leading Up to the American Revolution

"John Green teaches you about the American Revolution. And the Revolutionary War. I know we've labored the point here, but they weren't the same thing. In any case, John will teach you about the major battles of the war, and discuss the strategies on both sides. Everyone is familiar with how this war played out … Continue reading Prelude Or Events Leading Up to the American Revolution

What If History Is Not Written By the Winners?

Traditionally, "history is written by the victors," wrote Winston Churchill. History is presumed to be written by the winners, the conquerors, the dominant factions. Not, for example, indigenous peoples, women, slaves, refugees from the conquerors. But modern historians who aren't propagandists try to employ studied empathy for all sides, including, for example, the Germans in … Continue reading What If History Is Not Written By the Winners?

Turning Points from Invention of Printing Press in 1500 to Trump’s MAGA

Causation or Causality. How one thing leads to another. Printing Press-->Challenged Governmental and Religious Authorities Control of Information, Knowledge and Thought --> Peasants Rebelled Against Pray, Pay, Obey, Church Corruption and Indulgences --> Protestant Reformation-->150 years of Religious Warfare -->Struggle against Censorship -->Divine Right of Kings --> Right to Criticize Constructively -->Freedom of Conscience --> Freedom … Continue reading Turning Points from Invention of Printing Press in 1500 to Trump’s MAGA

Philosophical Underpinnings For Studying History

Did Cleopatra’s Nose, Henry the VIII’s Libido, Richard III’s Horse and Your Ancestors’ Luck Make Crucial Historical Differences? Exploring Divine Providence, Retribution, Destiny, Predestination, Teleology and Chaos Theory Chaos Theory or Butterfly Effect Has Idea of Progress Disappeared? Why Counterfactuals Are So Popular ‘Inevitable’ Triumph of Democracy, Capitalism Now Very Much in Doubt Golden Age for Dystopian Fiction Power of Counter-Factual … Continue reading Philosophical Underpinnings For Studying History

Was 9/11 Avoidable, Preventable?

Al Qaeda's attacks on the US on September 11, 2001, seemed like a black swan or a bolt out of the blue at the time, an unprovoked, sudden and shocking event that dramatically changed Americans' perceptions of the contemporary world. Osama Bin Laden and 19 hijackers, 15 of them from Saudi Arabia, changed the world … Continue reading Was 9/11 Avoidable, Preventable?

100 Years After US Entry into WWI, Trauma and Long-lasting Consequences Are Commemorated

'"America and warfare were never the same" after World War I, writes Michael Ruane in The Washington Post. "American might was brought to bear against Germany only in the closing months of the conflict, but just in time to help reverse the enemy’s huge, last-gasp offensive and end the war." "The United States, although badly … Continue reading 100 Years After US Entry into WWI, Trauma and Long-lasting Consequences Are Commemorated

What if Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobites Won in 1745?

Adding to Causality, think on this: if Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobite Rebels won in 1745 at the Battle of Culloden or before, instead of facing a humiliating defeat, there would not have been a flood of defeated soldiers and their families emigrating to America. The clan system would have endured, at least for … Continue reading What if Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobites Won in 1745?

Causality: Without It, History Doesn’t Happen

Causality or causal relationships in history. Without Judaism, no Christianity and no Islam. Without Alexander the Great, no Greco-Roman Empire. Without Ancient Greece, no democracy and no objective history, just propaganda. Without Christianity adopted as the state religion of the Roman Empire, Christianity does not become the dominant religion of Europe. Without Gutenberg's invention of … Continue reading Causality: Without It, History Doesn’t Happen