Spanish-American War of 1898 and the Emergence of American Empire Explained

The Spanish-American War lasted less than five months and signaled the end of the Spanish Empire  -- Spain lost its last two colonies, Cuba and the Philippines -- and the rise of the American Empire. President William McKinley expressed idealistic goals that countries must be freed from the oppression of colonization. "Cuba ought to be … Continue reading Spanish-American War of 1898 and the Emergence of American Empire Explained

Does African History Disprove Jared Diamond’s Theory That Guns, Germs and Steel Explain Western Dominance?

Cynical Historian: "There’s a question in the history profession that if sufficiently answered could not only reshape how we conceive ourselves, but reveal the best course of action for politics around the world. What makes the West strong? While there are many answers, the most popular of these has been Jared Diamond’s "Guns Germs and … Continue reading Does African History Disprove Jared Diamond’s Theory That Guns, Germs and Steel Explain Western Dominance?

First Reaction to 1980s’ AIDS Epidemic Was Denial, As Is Always The Case

Writer Andrew Sullivan, who is HIV-positve and considers himself a survivor of AIDS, recalls the reaction to the 1980s AIDS epidemic in mainstream culture and in the gay community. The first response was denial. "Those of us who have already been through a plague experience in our lives know this all too well. As the … Continue reading First Reaction to 1980s’ AIDS Epidemic Was Denial, As Is Always The Case

Government Was Critical in Encouraging Pioneers to Settle the ‘Wild’ West

The transcontinental railroad, the land-grant college system, and the Homestead Acts of 1862, promising free land to settlers, were of central importance in giving Americans incentives to populate the frontier. These all fed off the Northwest Ordinance, which was passed in 1787, guaranteeing a bill of rights -- including free education for all in the  … Continue reading Government Was Critical in Encouraging Pioneers to Settle the ‘Wild’ West

Ancient Greeks Skeptical of Democracy Are Currently Being Proven Right, Former SC Justice Says

Why Socrates Hated Democracy: one of the wisest people who ever lived, Socrates, had deep suspicions of it. In 2017, former Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy re-read Plato and Aristotle. "It always irritated me that they gave a low grade to democracy” in their evaluations of different forms of governance. The philosophers held this view, … Continue reading Ancient Greeks Skeptical of Democracy Are Currently Being Proven Right, Former SC Justice Says

1917 Russian Revolution in 13 Minutes

Epic History TV in this video explains "the major events of Russia's TWO revolutions of 1917– the February Revolution that ended Tsarist rule in Russia, and the October Revolution, that brought the Bolsheviks to power. We explain the causes of Tsar Nicholas II's growing unpopularity - the role of the mysterious Siberian mystic Rasputin, Russia's … Continue reading 1917 Russian Revolution in 13 Minutes

‘Why the West Rules for Now: The Patterns of History and What They Reveal About the Future’

Does the emerging economic power of China and India mean the end of the West's political and cultural dominance of the world, which has endured for more than 200 years? British historian and archaeologist Ian Morris tries to answer this question in his book,  Why the West Rules for Now: The Patterns of History and … Continue reading ‘Why the West Rules for Now: The Patterns of History and What They Reveal About the Future’

Debating Columbus, Using Critical Thinking Skills, Understanding How Columbian Exchange Transformed East and West

High school students now tend to think of historical figures in reductive terms. Christopher Columbus, good or bad? Good because he had the courage to be an explorer. Bad because he did not respect Native Americans, wanted to dominate and subjugate them. His PR was better than he was, a student says: "He didn't really … Continue reading Debating Columbus, Using Critical Thinking Skills, Understanding How Columbian Exchange Transformed East and West

Manifest Destiny Was One Inspiration for Coast-to-Coast American Empire

The phrase Manifest Destiny was coined by journalist John O'Sullivan, an advocate of Jacksonian democracy, in 1845. It reflected a belief that Americans had a god-given right to expand from sea to shining sea, that white American culture was superior to other cultures, and that native Americans and Mexican Americans who inhabited the land were … Continue reading Manifest Destiny Was One Inspiration for Coast-to-Coast American Empire