Medici, Italian Renaissance’s Banking Family, Produced Four Popes and Two Queens of France

Traditional accounts of the Italian Renaissance portray the Borjias as corrupt and evil religious leaders, and the Medici as heroic financiers and philanthropists of stunningly beautiful art and architecture as well as fair-minded popes. I've already pointed out the reasons that popular portrayals of the Borjias, particularly the popular TV series, exaggerate their deviance. Two … Continue reading Medici, Italian Renaissance’s Banking Family, Produced Four Popes and Two Queens of France

Newly Discovered Native American Site and Spanish Colony from 1560s in North Carolina Reveals Who Was First

Conventional wisdom had it that the English beat the Spanish to colonization in the northeastern U.S. The first English colonization was purportedly the expedition sponsored by Sir Walter Raleigh to Roanoke Island, North Carolina, in the 1580s, later known as the Lost Colony. But more recent excavations have discovered first, a Native American town called … Continue reading Newly Discovered Native American Site and Spanish Colony from 1560s in North Carolina Reveals Who Was First

Scotland’s Mary Queen of Scots’ Rivalry with England’s Queen Elizabeth I Is Focus of Movie and Documentary

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T5l8cvuo7IA The 2018 film, Mary Queen of Scots, told the remarkable story of the girl "who became Queen of France at 16 and widowed at 18. Mary Stuart defied pressure to remarry. Instead, she returned to her native Scotland to reclaim her rightful throne. However, Scotland and England fell under the rule of the compelling … Continue reading Scotland’s Mary Queen of Scots’ Rivalry with England’s Queen Elizabeth I Is Focus of Movie and Documentary

Latino Americans: Foreigners In Their Own Land

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ApMDLhcA37Q Trailer for PBS Series on Latino Americans. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3XQ5Zo2_f-w Episode 1 "explores the period from 1565-1880, as the first Spanish explorers enter North America. Manifest Destiny pushes the U.S west into the Mexican territories of the South West. Mariano Vallejo personifies the era of the Californio rancheros. Juan Seguín is a man caught between two … Continue reading Latino Americans: Foreigners In Their Own Land

England’s Forgotten Muslim History

"One of the more surprising aspects of Elizabethan England (1558-1603) is that its foreign and economic policy was driven by a close alliance with the Islamic world, a fact conveniently ignored today by those pushing the populist rhetoric of national sovereignty." http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/18/opinion/sunday/englands-forgotten-muslim-history.html?_r=0

Dutch Golden Age of the 1600s Dominated European Trade, Science, Military, & Gave The World Magnificent Art

The Dutch Golden Age spanned mostly the 1600s. Its trade, science, military, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world. The Dutch Empire evolved into the modern kingdom of the Netherlands after 1815. John Green of Crash Course European History observes that "while the English were falling apart a little, with their civil war and their … Continue reading Dutch Golden Age of the 1600s Dominated European Trade, Science, Military, & Gave The World Magnificent Art

Queen Elizabeth I Kept A Fractious England Together By Marshaling Absolute Power and Defeating the Spanish Empire

Elizabeth I (1533-1603), queen of England from 1558 to 1603, was one strong woman, who by force of will and strength kept England together. She was probably the most shining and successful example of a benevolent monarch from the Age of Absolutism. She was certainly better than her father King Henry VIII (1491-1547), who one historian compared … Continue reading Queen Elizabeth I Kept A Fractious England Together By Marshaling Absolute Power and Defeating the Spanish Empire