Medici, Italian Renaissance’s Banking Family, Produced Four Popes and Two Queens of France

Traditional accounts of the Italian Renaissance portray the Borjias as corrupt and evil religious leaders, and the Medici as heroic financiers and philanthropists of stunningly beautiful art and architecture as well as fair-minded popes. I've already pointed out the reasons that popular portrayals of the Borjias, particularly the popular TV series, exaggerate their deviance. Two … Continue reading Medici, Italian Renaissance’s Banking Family, Produced Four Popes and Two Queens of France

‘Bloody Mary’: Catholic Daughter of Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII, Was A Religious Fanatic

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nqLcxzv2_-o Mary I  (1516-1558) was Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her executions of Protestants caused her opponents to give her the sobriquet “Bloody Mary.” https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=942&v=tV89qCXpVco&feature=emb_logo Among The Most Evil Woman in World History: "She was the only child of Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon who … Continue reading ‘Bloody Mary’: Catholic Daughter of Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII, Was A Religious Fanatic

Scotland’s Mary Queen of Scots’ Rivalry with England’s Queen Elizabeth I Is Focus of Movie and Documentary

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T5l8cvuo7IA The 2018 film, Mary Queen of Scots, told the remarkable story of the girl "who became Queen of France at 16 and widowed at 18. Mary Stuart defied pressure to remarry. Instead, she returned to her native Scotland to reclaim her rightful throne. However, Scotland and England fell under the rule of the compelling … Continue reading Scotland’s Mary Queen of Scots’ Rivalry with England’s Queen Elizabeth I Is Focus of Movie and Documentary

Queen Elizabeth I Kept A Fractious England Together By Marshaling Absolute Power and Defeating the Spanish Empire

Elizabeth I (1533-1603), queen of England from 1558 to 1603, was one strong woman, who by force of will and strength kept England together. She was probably the most shining and successful example of a benevolent monarch from the Age of Absolutism. She was certainly better than her father King Henry VIII (1491-1547), who one historian compared … Continue reading Queen Elizabeth I Kept A Fractious England Together By Marshaling Absolute Power and Defeating the Spanish Empire