Lindsay Holiday tells the story of the early Anglo-Saxons in Britain between 450 and 1066 A.D. The Saxons were originally Germanic tribes who migrated from Saxony and other parts of the European continent and developed the English language -- at least half the words in the language were originally Anglo-Saxon words. She asks and answers … Continue reading Early Anglo-Saxon Kings and Queens of England Were Originally Part of Germanic Tribes
I like to think of my ancestry as Celtic as opposed to Roman and Anglo-Saxon. The Celts, it seemed, were not particularly interested in dominating others, not interested in building empires, but were very soulful -- musicians, poets, religious leaders, faeries, story-tellers. The Celts of the British Isles -- the Scottish, the Irish, the Welsh … Continue reading Who Were the Celts? How Did They Save Britain?
Byzantium, or the Eastern Greco-Roman Empire, lasted for more than a thousand years. Its capital, Constantinople, now Istanbul, Turkey still has remnants of that history. This may seem very far away and like the very distant past to us, but the reign of Justinian the Great (527-565) echoes still. Like the world today, Byzantium was … Continue reading 541: First Plague in Recorded History Killed Half the World’s Population
In light of international crises involving Iran, History Today, a monthly magazine based in London, zooms out over centuries and offers readers access to its archived articles on Iranian history. Among them: Return of the Ayatollah: Iran’s Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini became a lightning rod for the mass protests which overthrew the shah of Iran in 1979, … Continue reading Iran’s Dramatic History Shapes Current Events
Traces of Byzantium, the Greco-Roman Eastern Empire that dominated for a thousand years, can still be found in Turkey, Eastern Europe and the Middle East, as this documentary illustrates. It was overtaken by the Ottoman Empire in 1453. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantin...//Empire, from 395–1453 A.D. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_...Emperors. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantin...Architecture. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_...Orthodox Church.
Studying ancient empires and discovering their relevance for today is not an easy task. Cody Franklin’s "What if" video series does a pretty good job of making them relevant by speculating on how the world might have changed if the victors were different, or if, for example, the Roman Empire never fell. Ancient History What … Continue reading 0 to 500 AD: Ancient Empires. 9 Short What If Videos
What if the so-called "Dark Ages" -- the nearly 1000 years from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476, through the Middle Ages until the Renaissance -- did not exist? Actually, they didn't. "Dark Ages" is now an old-fashioned Eurocentric term that baby boomers and older millennials might have learned in history classes, … Continue reading ‘Dark Ages’ Weren’t So Dark, With 1001 Inventions
What if Byzantium Empire survived? 2. What if monasticism did not exist, did not grow from the 500s to the 1100s? 3. What if Sui and Tang China had not unified China? 4. What if Islam didn't exist? 5. What if Judaism never existed? 6. What if Macedonian Bulgars and Slavs did not merge? 7. … Continue reading 18 ‘What If’ Questions of the Early Middle Ages
Many 'What If" questions come up when studying the classical world, among them: What if Classical Greece conquered the world and controlled it to this day? Could Greek City-States Have United to form a Hellenic Republic? What if Alexander the Great Had Not Died at 32 in 323? What if India's Mauryan Empire (spanned from 322 … Continue reading 20 ‘What If’ Questions About the Classical World