https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3kv73VJqyEQ&list=PL_IlIlrxhtPOZK1NV1UTTshwrnvNuKNjf LanXang Siengkhene: "After thousands of years as a hunter/gatherer, man built the first cities 5,000 years ago on the banks of the Euphrates in Southern Iraq. Civilization began. City life transformed the human race with the glorious cultures of Mesopotamia such as Ur, and Babylon." Drill Deeper: Mesopotamia. Ur. Babylon.
President Trump's decision to pull American special forces and support troops away from Kurdish allies in northern Syria and the Kurdish region of Iraq, even though they are the chief fighters against the Islamic State, repeats shabby treatment of the Kurds and the Iraqis over generations, demonstrating once again that the U.S. is not a … Continue reading US Abandonment of Kurds Is Latest Example That It Is Unreliable Ally in Middle East
Traditionally, "history is written by the victors," wrote Winston Churchill. History is presumed to be written by the winners, the conquerors, the dominant factions. Not, for example, indigenous peoples, women, slaves, refugees from the conquerors. But modern historians who aren't propagandists try to employ studied empathy for all sides, including, for example, the Germans in … Continue reading What If History Is Not Written By the Winners?
Senator Gary Hart of Colorado would have been a much more formidable Democratic nominee than Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis of Massachusetts in 1988, and might well have gone on to beat Vice President George H.W. Bush in the fall election. If so, the most dramatic consequence might have been no Gulf War to rescue Kuwait … Continue reading If Not For Silly ‘Scandal’ Created By Media, Senator Gary Hart Might Have Altered ’80s, ’90s History for the Best
Diplomacy is not yet what it should be. It has certainly improved in the last 100 years. The five biggest diplomatic failures since the beginning of the 20th century that involved the United States were probably: 1. The Versailles Treaty after World War I that punished Germany so severely that it started World War II. Diplomats … Continue reading Five Biggest Failures of Diplomacy and US Foreign Policy
"Imagine the mayhem that might have been avoided" if the Ottoman Empire after World War I was saved, wrote The (UK) Economist. In 1914, as Europe fell into war, the leadership of the Ottoman Empire could not decide whether to throw its lot with the Triple Entente (Britain, France, and Russia) or the Central Powers (Germany … Continue reading If the (Last) Ottoman Sultan Didn’t Back the Wrong Side…
The Mongol Empire (1206-1368) was the largest contiguous land empire in history, covering most of what is now Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Russia, China, Persia, Iraq, Turkey, and Southeast Asia, to the Sea of Japan. Yet it failed to capture India. Discussion on Facebook of why the India campaign failed. The Mongols were notorious terrorizers, engaging … Continue reading What If Mongol Empire Never Existed?
Frank Harvey, Professor and Chair of the Political Science Department at Dalhousie University in Halifax, N.S., won two awards from the Canadian Political Science Association for research on the Iraq War. "He took home best international relations book for Explaining the Iraq War: Counterfactual Theory, Logic and Evidence and best article for “President Al Gore and … Continue reading George Bush Did Not Cause Iraq War. Democrats Could Not Have Resisted War, Political Scientist Postulates
The most important events during the presidency of George H.W. Bush, as John Green explains in the Crash Course US History lecture below, were related to the end of the Cold War. There was bipartisan support for the first Gulf War in Iraq, and bipartisan progress was made domestically. But that offended the right wing … Continue reading How & Why George H.W. Bush Won in 1988, Lost in 1992, and How He Might Have Won
Al Gore won the popular vote in the 2000 presidential election. If he became president, he maintained in 2002, he would not invade Iraq. He knew that the intelligence on Saddam's weapons of mass destruction was mixed -- the Bush administration exaggerated that threat -- and he predicted the US could not bring democracy or … Continue reading What If…President Al Gore Refused to Wage War In Iraq?