House of History: “The Great Purge was a period in the history of the Soviet Union where Stalin eliminated the majority of the “Old Bolsheviks” and the leadership of the Red Army. This was done through three show trials in 1936, 1937 and 1938 and a trial for 8 generals of the Soviet Union in 1937. Ordinary citizens, artists and intellectuals became victims as well. It is estimated around 1 million people died during the Great Purge.”
Time Codes: 1:49 The First Show Trial (1936) 3:17 The Murder of Sergey Kirov 4:19 The Purge Commences 7:29 Radicalisation of the Purge 9:18 “Betrayal” in the Army 11:11 The Purge and Society 14:56 The Final Show Trial (1938)
Song at the beginning: “Wide is my Motherland”/”Широка страна моя родная”
Sources: Conquest, Robert. Stalin: Breaker of Nations (New York, 1991).
Hosking, Geoffrey A. Russia and the Russians: A History (Harvard University Press, 2010).
Pomper, Philip, and Phillip Bernhei. Lenin, Trotsky, Stalin (Columbia University Press, 1992).
Schlögel, Karl. Moscow, 1937 (John Wiley & Sons, 2014).