For 28 years, an ugly wall lined with barbed wire divided Berlin, Germany between West and East. It symbolized the larger division of Germany and the world for 45 years during the Cold War, between capitalists and communists, freedom and oppression. from 1961 to 1989.
The Berlin Wall fell in November 1989, marking the end of communism and reunification of the country. Many stories were written in commemoration of this event in 2019.
But the fall of the wall was more symbolic than deeply transformative. CNN: “While slowly disintegrating, the divide remains. According to Steffen Mau, a sociology professor at Berlin’s Humboldt University many gaps, particularly the economic ones have narrowed but people still have ‘strong differences in attitudes and mentality.’ ”
And questions remain as to whether Europeans, Russians and Americans have learned the dangers of authoritarianism in a new era with real threats from imperialist powers, social media and cultural turmoil.
Foreign Affairs magazine: The Fall of the Berlin Wall Almost Ended in War
Here’s What the United States Did to Prevent It.
USA Today: 30 years after the Berlin Wall’s collapse, Americans don’t understand communism’s dangers. There’s a reason why after a great tragedy we are called to never forget. Humanity has a tendency to make the same mistakes over and over.